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INVESTING IN REAL ESTATE
Are you a speculator or investor? Great fortunes can be made and lost in real estate Certified Mortgage
Planning Specialists professionals are committed, qualified and equipped to help you implement the
seven keys to profitable real estate investment:
Determine Level of Liquidity - liquidity is the ability to quickly convert an investment into cash,
without losing any of the principal that you've invested. For example, a savings account is highly liquid.
In contrast, real estate is considered to have low liquidity because of the time it takes to sell the
property and the unpredictability of the market value at the time you are ready to sell. The greatest
real estate fortunes have been lost by those who overextended themselves and didn't have enough
liquidity to weather to ups and downs in the real estate market. CMPS professionals help you
implement strategies to maintain high levels of liquidity to be able to weather the storms in the
marketplace and take advantage of profitable investment opportunities.
Determine Level of Marketability - marketability is the ability to convert an investment into cash
quickly, at any price. For example, stocks can be sold anytime on an organized stock exchange at the
prevailing market value. However, the price at which the stock is sold can produce a loss for the
investor who is selling the stock. With real estate, not only will you need to deal with market
conditions, there will be real costs to consider whenever you sell a property such as brokerage fees,
marketing fees and title insurance. CMPS professionals help you invest with a business plan and
avoid the marketability risks associated with real estate speculation.
Determine the Impact of Leverage - leverage is the use of borrowed funds to finance a portion of the
purchase price of an investment. The ratio of borrowed funds to the total purchase price is known as
the loan-to-value (or LTV) ratio. A high LTV would result in high leverage, while a low LTV would result
in low leverage. Real estate investments can be more leveraged than most other types of
investments. Sometimes, mortgage debt results in 'negative leverage'. In this case, you should avoid
mortgage debt or sell the investment. Other times, mortgage debt results in 'positive leverage' and can
enhance your rate of return on investment. CMPS professionals help you avoid the trap of negative
leverage while maximizing the benefits of positive leverage.
Evaluate the Investment Management Issues - there are really two levels of monitoring and
managing a real estate investment:
1. Asset Management - this is where you monitor the financial performance of the investment and
make changes as needed. With stocks and bonds, you consult with an investment advisor, and/or a
CPA to determine when to buy and sell investments. With real estate investments, CMPS
professionals are qualified to serve as 'real estate investment advisors' and give you solid advice in
this area.
2. Property Management - involves the overall day-to-day operation of the property and the physical
maintenance of the building or buildings. Property management can include rent collection, paying the
taxes, insurance and utilities, the exterior maintenance such as landscaping, snow removal and roof
issues, as well as interior maintenance such as plumbing, painting, flooring, walls, kitchens, etc.
Property management can become a huge trap for you if you don't give it the proper evaluation prior to
purchasing an investment. Obviously, unless you want to fix leaky toilets and gets calls from tenants
at all hours of the night, you should seriously consider engaging in a professional relationship with a
management company. Remember, time is money. If you want to make money in real estate, don't
waste or lose your time, because if you waste or lose your time, you are in effect losing money.
fast facts
Determine level of liquidity
Determine level of
marketability
Determine impact of leverage
Evaluate investment
management issues
Properly calculate your rate
of return
Consider the tax impact
Evaluate and reduce
investment risk
Understand due diligence
Invest with the right entity
Diversify

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INVESTING IN REAL ESTATE
Consider the Tax Impact of Your Investment Decisions: This
includes such issues as:
Classifications of passive, active and portfolio income
and losses
Capital gains taxes
Income taxes
Tax Credits
Tax deductions
Tax Deferments
CMPS professionals help you determine your before and after-tax rate of
return on real estate investments. CMPS professionals also work with
your CPA in determining the best tax strategies for your situation.
Evaluate and Reduce Investment Risk - risk is the possibility of
losing either the principal invested and/or the potential income from the
investment. CMPS professionals help you reduce investment risk in
several ways.
Risk Analysis - This is the process of evaluating alternative
investments based on their level of risk. Risk analysis can be done using
industry-accepted rates of return and allowances for risk, or it can be
done on an individual basis. Each investor has a different tolerance for
risk, depending on their tax status, their capacity for leverage, their
financial situation, etc. For example, if you can earn 15% per year on an
investment with a tenant who signs a five year lease, versus 20% per
year on an investment with a tenant who signs a two year lease, is it
worth the extra risk of not having a tenant after two years for you to
accept the 20% rate of return versus the 15% rate of return.
Shifting risk - CMPS professionals help you structure your leases and
rent agreements to shift the exposure of increasing costs to the tenants.
This can include shifting the risk of rising interest rates, operating
expenses or tax increases.
Due diligence prior to purchasing an investment property - Due
diligence is the process of examining a property and related documents
such as appraisals, inspections, environ mental surveys and title work in
order to reduce risk. By helping you apply
a consistent standard of inspection and investigation, CMPS
professionals help you determine whether to purchase a property, or
move on to the next deal. You should always be prepared to walk away
from an investment if it does not meet your predetermined standards and
criteria.
Investing with the right entity - CMPS professionals work with your
real estate attorney to help you structure different 'entities' such as LLCs,
Partnerships and Corporations to limit losses to your initial capital
contribution into the investment.
Diversification - Investing in multiple investment properties with
varying risk levels reduces the chance that all the investments will be
affected by the same turn of events. By keeping all your real estate
equity in your primary residence, you are not diversifying your real estate
portfolio. On the other hand, if you spread your real estate equity and
investment dollars over multiple properties, you would be hedging your
real estate risk and diversifying your portfolio. On the same token, you
need to be careful not to spread yourself too thin and not to invest
without a business plan. If you end up with 10 mortgage payments on 10
vacant properties with no tenants, you would end up in a very precarious
financial situation. CMPS professionals help you diversify your
investment portfolio to include real estate while also diversifying your real
estate investment portfolio itself.
Bob Gammache, CMPS
®
Carteret Mortgage
105 Clearcreek Ct
Moneta, VA 24121
(540) 719-1115 direct
(540) 719-0701 fax
bgammache@verizon.net
Standardizing the mortgage planning process through participation with the CMPS community of experts.